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Abstract:   (249 Views)
Introduction: lung cancer is the deadliest and the costliest cancer in the world. More than 13 percent of cancer diagnoses in the world in 2012 belonged to lung cancer. In this study, we have tried to compare the situation of this disease in several countries by considering the most important risk factor of lung cancer (smoking cigarette).
 Method: This is a comparative study, a comprehensive one which was done on lung cancer rates in four countries, Iran, Turkey, England and America during the past twelve years. ASR indexes and the percentage of smokers were extracted from available information in WHO data bases and World Bank and other reliable sources. After comparison, control procedures were examined.
 Finding: England with ASR46 has the highest rate of lung cancer and Iran with on ASR11 has the lowest rate. The highest percentage of smokers is in turkey (%33.6) and lowest percentage belongs to Iran (%15). Smoking in Iran has an upward trend while in other three countries it is trending down ward. Taxes on cigarettes are a significant factor in smoking reduction. Among these four countries the lowest taxes on cigarettes belong to Iran (%4.83).
 Conclusion: the result of this study shows that the incidence of lung cancer in Iran is rising, so following successful countries in imposing taxes on cigarette can be an effective step to reduce smoking.Training programs, cultural improvement and new diagnostic methods can also be useful in reducing lung cancer ASR.
 
     
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/05/23 | Accepted: 2021/05/24

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